The first Treaty, the Treaty Establishing the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, specified the following objectives:
(a) Establishment of a comprehensive Economic Union based on a strategy implemented in accordance with a developmental plan that would be integrated in the national development plans of the member States. It includes investment in the agricultural, industrial, social, cultural and energy fields.
(b) Elimination of all obstacles impeding the unity of its member States through adopting measures that would guarantee the following: facilitating the free movement of individuals, capital, and meeting the interest of member States citizens; freedom of residence, work, ownership and economic activity; freedom of the movement of national goods, merchandise and services; encouragement of foreign trade through drawing up and implementing an investment policy for member States; enhancement and improvement of land, air and sea transportation and telecommunications among member States through the implementation of joint projects; and, the consent of the community member States to give the citizens of member States the same rights and privileges provided for in the constitution of each member State.
(c) Coordination of pedagogical and educational systems at the various educational levels, as well as in the cultural, scientific and technical fields.
These objectives were given a new focus by the revised Treaty that emphasized two areas of deepened cooperation, namely:
- Regional security, and
- Sustainable development.
The revised Treaty will enter into force, in accordance with article 53, after fifteen ratifications have been completed. To date, thirteen member States have ratified the Treaty.